The genetics contained in cannabis seeds is exactly what makes them so special. Genetics shape the cannabinoids and terpenes found in preferred cannabis strains. They determine the profile and amount of cannabinoids and the resulting effect of the given plant. Whether you prefer a fruity aroma, an OG aroma or a rich skunk scent, the genetics in the cannabis seeds determine the final qualities.
Cannabis genetics control plant development and growth. Cannabis genetics also define the cannabinoid profile, terpene production, yield and many other factors that characterize the properties of our favorite cannabis seeds. Knowing some background on the genetic history of cannabis allows you to understand how cannabis strains have evolved. It can even help you identify new strains similar to your existing favorites.
Cannabis has never been less illegal since the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937. Regulation is improving, removing cannabis from the black market and making cannabis genetics more transparent. Eventually, the cannabis market will see full regulation and science to complement the old breeding techniques that got us this far. One day it would be great to see the original seedbanks work closely with scientific organizations to create purebred genetic lines with predictable effects for the best medicinal and recreational experiences.
It all started with so-called landrace genetics, which are native strains that have naturally adapted over long periods of time to grow well in completely different types of geographic and climatic conditions. For example, indica strains are thought to have evolved to grow well in cooler conditions. Sativa strains are believed to have evolved for optimal growth in tropical conditions.
Using existing agricultural knowledge, the first ancient hemp growers probably took their preferred hemp genetics early on and saw if they would improve by further breeding or crossing with another strain. Many modern cannabis breeders have worked tirelessly to cross different landrace strains and modern hybrids. In recent years, the USA and Canada have been a valuable source of new cannabis genetics and hybrids. Large licensed cannabis growers often grow thousands of cannabis seeds each year. The most productive plants with the best cannabinoid and terpene profiles are often saved for future breeding work.
Modern breeders often take the best cannabis genetics and cross them in an attempt to find offspring that show better traits than either parent. This process of "selective breeding" is often repeated over several generations. It allows the experienced breeder the chance to push cannabis genetics to the limit. When fully stabilized, the best cannabis genetics are the foundation of the best cannabis seeds. Many cannabis strains can be traced back to the 3 main foundations of modern cannabis breeding: Haze, Skunk and Kush.
After several decades of cannabis genetics research, selective breeding and hybridization, the map of cannabis genetics is now more diverse than ever before. In addition to regular cannabis seeds and feminized cannabis seeds, there are now autoflowering seeds. You can also buy hemp seeds rich in special cannabinoids such as CBG seeds or THCV seeds. You can buy outdoor cannabis seeds that have been bred to be grown outdoors.
Knowing how to hybridize and stabilize cannabis genetics requires many years of effort. Knowing how to create feminized seeds or produce autoflowering seeds requires additional complex and complicated work. If you want to create strains rich in new cannabinoids, you need time, laboratory resources such as tissue culture and cannabinoid and terpene analysis, as well as a lot of experience.
Many cannabis growers ask how to tell if you have good cannabis genetics. Just looking at a cannabis seed can't tell you anything about the result you're likely to get. The shape, color or size of cannabis seeds are definitely not effective indicators of the final result. Those who understand how genetics work in cannabis know how important research is before deciding to purchase cannabis seeds. You probably don't buy too many cannabis seeds each year, so do your research carefully and choose the best cannabis seeds to buy from a supplier you can trust.
Cannabis cultivation has changed dramatically over the past decade or two. Science and advances in high technology have made it possible to explore the genetics of cannabis at a faster pace and in greater depth than ever before. Whether you want a THC-rich or THC-free cannabis seed strain, you now have more options than ever before.
Cannabis genetics are constantly being improved. In the coming years, new cannabinoids will emerge that will generate tremendous medical interest as medical scientists seek to investigate which cannabinoids are most effective for specific medical conditions. Keep a close eye on the best cannabis seed sourcing companies that use the most advanced research tools and techniques.
The best cannabis genetics come from careful and patient research...not by accident.
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